Mornington Peninsula Language & Culture Studies

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MPLCS adopts the Common European Framework References (CEFR) which divides learners into three broad divisions which can be divided into six levels:

Basic Speaker


A1  Beginner - Description | Can understand and use familiar everyday expressions and very basic phrases aimed at the satisfaction of needs of a concrete type. Can introduce him/her and others and can ask and answer questions about personal details such as where he/she lives, people he/she knows and things he/she has. Can interact in a simple way provided the other person talks slowly and clearly and is prepared to help.


A1  Beginner - Grammar | Gender distinction, plural of nouns and adjectives, the definite article, verbs simple present tense, the indefinite article, the adjective, irregular verbs in the simple present tense, prepositions, articulated prepositions, the plural of indefinite articles, possessive adjectives and pronouns, the present perfect tense, the future tense, verbal irregularities of the future, future perfect.


A2 Elementary - Description | Can understand sentences and frequently used expressions related to areas of most immediate relevance (e.g. very basic personal and family information, shopping, local geography, employment). Can communicate in simple and routine tasks requiring a simple and direct exchange of information on familiar and routine matters. Can describe in simple terms aspects of his/her background, immediate environment and matters in areas of immediate need.


A2  Elementary - Grammar | Possessive pronouns, the expression “I would like”, the imperfect, imperfect or present perfect, the past perfect, direct object pronouns, reflexive verbs, reciprocal reflexive verbs, apparent reflexive form, impersonal form, indirect object pronouns, the imperative, imperative with pronouns, the conditional, present conditional and past conditional


Independent Speaker


B1 Pre- intermediate - Description | Can understand the main points of clear standard input on familiar matters regularly encountered in work, school, leisure, etc. Can deal with most situations likely to arise whilst travelling in an area where the language is spoken. Can produce simple connected text on topics which are familiar or of personal interest. Can describe experiences and events, dreams, hopes & ambitions and briefly give reasons and explanations for opinions and plans


B1 Pre- intermediate - Grammar | Direct object pronouns, indirect object pronouns, combined pronouns, interrogative adjectives and pronouns, interrogative adverbs, relative pronouns, comparisons of the adjective between two nouns or pronouns, comparisons between two adjectives, verbs or nouns, relative superlative, absolute superlative, irregular forms of comparative and superlative, the preterit, roman numerals, the remote pluperfect adverbs of manner, the subjunctive mood and the present and past subjunctive.

B2 intermediateDescription | Can understand the main ideas of complex text on both concrete and abstract topics, including technical discussions in his/her field of specialisation. Can interact with a degree of fluency and spontaneity that makes regular interaction with native speakers quite possible without strain for either party. Can produce clear, detailed text on a wide range of subjects and explain a viewpoint on a topical issue giving the advantages and disadvantages of various options.


B2 intermediate - Grammar | Direct imperative, the imperfect subjunctive and the past anterior, subjunctive: agreement of tenses, the hypothetical clause, the passive forms, direct and indirect speech, indefinite moods, the gerund, the infinitive, the participle,



Proficient Speaker


C1 Advanced - Description | Can understand a wide range of demanding, longer texts, and recognise implicit meaning. Can express him/her fluently and spontaneously without much obvious searching for expressions. Can use language flexibly and effectively for social, academic and professional purposes. Can produce clear, well-structured, detailed text on complex subjects, showing controlled use of organisational patterns, connectors and cohesive devices.


C2 Proficiency - Description | Can understand with ease virtually everything heard or read. Can summarise information from different spoken and written sources, reconstructing arguments and accounts in a coherent presentation. Can express him/herself spontaneously, very fluently and precisely, differentiating finer shades of meaning even in the most complex situations.